Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater - Part 3111: Metals by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

Abbreviation
3111 Metals by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
Version
22nd Edition - 2012
Valid from
5/12/2012

Information provider
IHS Markit
Author
American Public Health Association, American Waterworks Association and Water Environment Federation
Information type
Other Standard
Format
PDF


Description

The general principle of determining metals by flame atomic absorption spectrometry is explained; interferences are discussed in terms of chemical interference and background correction.
Also discussed are:
  • sensitivity, detection limits, and optimum concentration ranges;
  • preparation of standards;
  • apparatus to be used; and
  • quality assurance and quality control issues.
A table gives atomic absorption concentration ranges with direct aspiration atomic absorption. A second table gives interlaboratory precision and bias data, while a third table lists single-operator precision and recommended control ranges for the methods involving direct aspiration and extracted metals.
  • Method 3111B gives the direct air-acetylene flame method. This method is applicable to the determination of antimony, bismuth, cadmium, calcium, cesium, chromium, cobalt, copper, gold, iridium, iron, lead, lithium, magnesium, manganese, nickel, palladium, platinum, potassium, rhodium, ruthenium, silver, sodium, strontium, thallium, tin, and zinc.
  • Method 3111C provides the extraction/air-acetylene flame method, which is suitable for the determination of low concentrations of cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, lead, manganese, nickel, silver, and zinc.
  • Method 3111D is the direct nitrous oxide-acetylene flame method, which is applicable to the determination of aluminum, barium, beryllium, calcium, molybdenum, osmium, rhenium, silicon, thorium, titanium, and vanadium.
  • Method 3111E gives the extraction/nitrous oxide-acetylene flame method, which is suitable for the determination of aluminum at concentrations less than 900 µg/L and beryllium at concentrations of less than 30 µg/L.

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Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater - Part 3111: Metals by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

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Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater - Part 3111: Metals by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

Description

The general principle of determining metals by flame atomic absorption spectrometry is explained; interferences are discussed in terms of chemical interference and background correction.
Also discussed are:
  • sensitivity, detection limits, and optimum concentration ranges;
  • preparation of standards;
  • apparatus to be used; and
  • quality assurance and quality control issues.
A table gives atomic absorption concentration ranges with direct aspiration atomic absorption. A second table gives interlaboratory precision and bias data, while a third table lists single-operator precision and recommended control ranges for the methods involving direct aspiration and extracted metals.
  • Method 3111B gives the direct air-acetylene flame method. This method is applicable to the determination of antimony, bismuth, cadmium, calcium, cesium, chromium, cobalt, copper, gold, iridium, iron, lead, lithium, magnesium, manganese, nickel, palladium, platinum, potassium, rhodium, ruthenium, silver, sodium, strontium, thallium, tin, and zinc.
  • Method 3111C provides the extraction/air-acetylene flame method, which is suitable for the determination of low concentrations of cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, lead, manganese, nickel, silver, and zinc.
  • Method 3111D is the direct nitrous oxide-acetylene flame method, which is applicable to the determination of aluminum, barium, beryllium, calcium, molybdenum, osmium, rhenium, silicon, thorium, titanium, and vanadium.
  • Method 3111E gives the extraction/nitrous oxide-acetylene flame method, which is suitable for the determination of aluminum at concentrations less than 900 µg/L and beryllium at concentrations of less than 30 µg/L.

View on Information Provider website
Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater - Part 3111: Metals by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
Description
The general principle of determining metals by flame atomic absorption spectrometry is explained; interferences are discussed in terms of chemical interference and background correction.
Also discussed are:
  • sensitivity, detection limits, and optimum concentration ranges;
  • preparation of standards;
  • apparatus to be used; and
  • quality assurance and quality control issues.
A table gives atomic absorption concentration ranges with direct aspiration atomic absorption. A second table gives interlaboratory precision and bias data, while a third table lists single-operator precision and recommended control ranges for the methods involving direct aspiration and extracted metals.
  • Method 3111B gives the direct air-acetylene flame method. This method is applicable to the determination of antimony, bismuth, cadmium, calcium, cesium, chromium, cobalt, copper, gold, iridium, iron, lead, lithium, magnesium, manganese, nickel, palladium, platinum, potassium, rhodium, ruthenium, silver, sodium, strontium, thallium, tin, and zinc.
  • Method 3111C provides the extraction/air-acetylene flame method, which is suitable for the determination of low concentrations of cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, lead, manganese, nickel, silver, and zinc.
  • Method 3111D is the direct nitrous oxide-acetylene flame method, which is applicable to the determination of aluminum, barium, beryllium, calcium, molybdenum, osmium, rhenium, silicon, thorium, titanium, and vanadium.
  • Method 3111E gives the extraction/nitrous oxide-acetylene flame method, which is suitable for the determination of aluminum at concentrations less than 900 µg/L and beryllium at concentrations of less than 30 µg/L.
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Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater - Part 3111: Metals by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

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