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ASTM A380-06 Standard practice for cleaning descaling and passivation of stainless steel parts equipmment and system

Abbreviation
ASTM A380-06
Valid from
01/05/2006

Information provider
American Society of Testing and Materials
Author
American Society of Testing and Materials
Information type
ASTM Standard
Format
PDF


Description

This practice covers recommendations and precautions for cleaning, descaling, and passivating of new stainless steel parts, assemblies, equipment, and installed systems. 

Scope

This practice covers recommendations and precautions for cleaning, descaling, and passivating of new stainless steel parts, assemblies, equipment, and installed systems. These recommendations are presented as procedures for guidance when it is recognized that for a particular service it is desired to remove surface contaminants that may impair the normal corrosion resistance, or result in the later contamination of the particular stainless steel grade, or cause product contamination. For certain exceptional applications, additional requirements which are not covered by this practice may be specified upon agreement between the manufacturer and the purchaser. Although they apply primarily to materials in the composition ranges of the austenitic, ferritic, and martensitic stainless steels, the practices described may also be useful for cleaning other metals if due consideration is given to corrosion and possible metallurgical effects.

The term passivation is commonly applied to several distinctly different operations or processes relating to stainless steels. In order to avoid ambiguity in the setting of requirements, it may be necessary for the purchaser to define precisely the intended meaning of passivation. Some of the various meanings associated with the term passivation that are in common usage include the following:

Passivation is the process by which a stainless steel will spontaneously form a chemically inactive surface when exposed to air or other oxygen-containing environments. It was at one time considered that an oxidizing treatment was necessary to establish this passive film, but it is now accepted that this film will form spontaneously in an oxygen-containing environment providing that the surface has been thoroughly cleaned or descaled.

Passivation is removal of exogenous iron or iron compounds from the surface of a stainless steel by means of a chemical dissolution, most typically by a treatment with an acid solution that will remove the surface contamination but will not significantly affect the stainlees steel itself. This process is described in a general way in and defined precisely in with further reference to the requirements of and Part II of the table on acid cleaning of steel. Unless otherwise specified, it is this definition of passivation that is taken as the meaning of a specified requirement for passivation.

Passivation is the chemical treatment of a stainless steel with a mild oxidant, such as a nitric acid solution, for the purpose of enhancing the spontaneous formation of the protective passive film. Such chemical treatment is generally not necessary for the formation of the passive film.

Passivation does not indicate the separate process of descaling as described in Section , although descaling may be necessary before passivation can be effective.

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ASTM A380-06 Standard practice for cleaning descaling and passivation of stainless steel parts equipmment and system

This document is CITED BY:

ASTM A380-06 Standard practice for cleaning descaling and passivation of stainless steel parts equipmment and system

Description

This practice covers recommendations and precautions for cleaning, descaling, and passivating of new stainless steel parts, assemblies, equipment, and installed systems. 

View on Information Provider website
ASTM A380-06 Standard practice for cleaning descaling and passivation of stainless steel parts equipmment and system
Description

This practice covers recommendations and precautions for cleaning, descaling, and passivating of new stainless steel parts, assemblies, equipment, and installed systems. 

View on Information Provider website
This resource does not cite any other resources.

ASTM A380-06 Standard practice for cleaning descaling and passivation of stainless steel parts equipmment and system

This resource does not CITE any other resources.
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